COVID-19 and H1N1 – The two pandemics and their consequences on human life: A Mini-Review

Background: A global pandemic has always been the after-effect of lessened immunity in the human population. This is a brief narrative review comparing some points of both pandemics. Methods: A comparative study was conducted by data collection through published articles and official websites. Conclusion: The current pandemic has affected all aspects of life. Psychological issues are dominating in this COVID-19 pandemic especially in six different groups of people. Emergency responses process was slower in COVID-19 pandemic than that of H1N1. H1N1 pandemic of 2009 proved to have a lesser impact on education, traveling, even the mental state of people. COVID-19 and H1N1 infections have most of the similar things but distinctions are very subordinating. Read More …

Emerging Prophylactic Strategies to Combat COVID-19: A Systematic Review

Introduction: In December 2019, China faced the COVID-19 outbreak. COVID-19 is a disease caused by the pathogen, SARS-CoV-2 which is a single stranded RNA virus that spreads person to person via direct contact or respiratory droplets. Since this disease has been found to be highly contagious, prevention from virus exposure seems to be a reasonable approach especially due to lack of an effective vaccination up till now. Our study is aimed at proposing the prophylactic strategies that can be implemented in Pakistan to help flatten the disease curve in order to provide more time for healthcare professionals to fight the disease better and to hopefully come up with an effective vaccination for long term disease control. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature review based on PRISMA guidelines. Only those articles were included which met the inclusion criteria. Results: The results gathered by the literature search suggested that due to the lack of any licensed vaccine or effective treatment, adopting personal and environmental protective measures, isolation and quarantine, and other community mitigation measures like temporary lockdown can help flatten the peak of the ongoing pandemic. Conclusion: Since there has not been any breakthrough in finding an effective vaccine, our review aims to devise an effective preventive strategy to curb this pandemic according to the present socio-economic conditions of Pakistan. Read More …

Predatory Journals: A Literature Review

Zouina Sarfraz1, Azza Sarfraz2, Ammar Anwer3, Zainab Nadeem4, Shehar Bano5, Saffa Tareen5. Student, 5th Year MBBS, Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore. Research Associate, Department of Pediatrics, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. Medical Officer, Neurosurgery, Mayo Hospital, Lahore. Student, 4th year MBBS, Aga Khan University, Karachi. MBBS, Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore. Corresponding Author: Zouina Sarfraz, Student Read More …

Fungi – An amalgam of Toxins and Antibiotics: A Mini-Review.

Maria Muddassir1, Muddassir Ahmed2, Farooq Butt3, Usama Basirat4. M Islam Medical & Dental College, Gujranwala, Pakistan Medical Officer, Nishtar Hospital, Multan, Pakistan. Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan. Sialkot Medical College, Sialkot, Pakistan. Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore, Pakistan. Corresponding Author: Dr. Maria Muddassir, Senior Demonstrator, M Islam Medical & Dental College, Gujranwala, Pakistan. Contact Read More …