Misleading Results of Typhi Dot Test in COVID-19 Pandemic

Muna Malik1, Muhammad Irfan Malik2 Assistant Professor of Pathology, PGMI/AMC/LGH Lahore. Associate Professor of Pulmonology, PGMI/AMC/LGH, Focal person of COVID-19 at LGH Lahore. Corresponding Author: Muna Malik, Department of Pathology, Post Graduate Medical Institute, Lahore General Hospital, Lahore 54000 Pakistan. Contact Author. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7610-0882 Publication: Oct 27, 2020. © Author(s) (or their employer(s) 2020. Re-use permitted under Read More …

Knowledge, attitude, and perception of University students toward COVID-19 Pandemic

Background: An increasing rate of COVID-19 cases throughout the world has increased the need to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and perception (KAP) of university students toward the COVID-19 pandemic to prevent its rapid spread as public cooperation and awareness regarding prevention is the only way to deal with this pandemic. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in Pakistan in April 2020. Data was collected by Google statistics and percent reliability was calculated through SPSS. Results: The number of respondents n=678, out of which 443(65.2%) were female and 235(34.85%) were male. The perception of students regarding this disease is shown in a table in which 33.2% of students consider it very dangerous. 54.2% thought it moderately dangerous. 62.38% of students consider muscle pain and 73.59% of students consider throat pain as a clinical presentation of COVID-19. 80.7% of students thought that exposure to a suspected case of COVID-19 serves as a means of acquiring COVID-19 infection. The most effective measure of prevention comes out to be hand washing and covering face during coughing and sneezing. The main cause of the spread is a lack of public awareness and cooperation. Social media campaigns are an effective means of educating students about quarantine and controlling its rapid spread. Conclusion: Researchers concluded that It’s the need of the hour to increase awareness related to protective hygienic measures, rapid spread, and providing reliable approaches through social media campaigns to manage this pandemic. We believe that students should be involved in educating their surrounding society. Read More …

COVID-19 and H1N1 – The two pandemics and their consequences on human life: A Mini-Review

Background: A global pandemic has always been the after-effect of lessened immunity in the human population. This is a brief narrative review comparing some points of both pandemics. Methods: A comparative study was conducted by data collection through published articles and official websites. Conclusion: The current pandemic has affected all aspects of life. Psychological issues are dominating in this COVID-19 pandemic especially in six different groups of people. Emergency responses process was slower in COVID-19 pandemic than that of H1N1. H1N1 pandemic of 2009 proved to have a lesser impact on education, traveling, even the mental state of people. COVID-19 and H1N1 infections have most of the similar things but distinctions are very subordinating. Read More …

Emerging Prophylactic Strategies to Combat COVID-19: A Systematic Review

Introduction: In December 2019, China faced the COVID-19 outbreak. COVID-19 is a disease caused by the pathogen, SARS-CoV-2 which is a single stranded RNA virus that spreads person to person via direct contact or respiratory droplets. Since this disease has been found to be highly contagious, prevention from virus exposure seems to be a reasonable approach especially due to lack of an effective vaccination up till now. Our study is aimed at proposing the prophylactic strategies that can be implemented in Pakistan to help flatten the disease curve in order to provide more time for healthcare professionals to fight the disease better and to hopefully come up with an effective vaccination for long term disease control. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature review based on PRISMA guidelines. Only those articles were included which met the inclusion criteria. Results: The results gathered by the literature search suggested that due to the lack of any licensed vaccine or effective treatment, adopting personal and environmental protective measures, isolation and quarantine, and other community mitigation measures like temporary lockdown can help flatten the peak of the ongoing pandemic. Conclusion: Since there has not been any breakthrough in finding an effective vaccine, our review aims to devise an effective preventive strategy to curb this pandemic according to the present socio-economic conditions of Pakistan. Read More …

Protecting the mental health of healthcare workers in Pakistan using telehealth during the COVID-19 pandemic

The role of telehealth and its effect on reducing mental health burden from COVID-19 is of pressing concern. It is pertinent that the psychological impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic must be recognized within the group of health care workers. Telemental health services are area that require imminent intervention for the support of health care workers in Pakistan, as they are applicable and practically feasible. Read More …

Re: Management of dead bodies of COVID-19 victims

Khadeeja Farrukh Student, 2nd year MBBS, Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore.   Electronic Opinion (E-OP) to Last Rituals and handling of deceased in corona pandemic. 2020;1(2):91-92. Available from: doi: 10.37978/pjsm.v1i2.129 Corresponding Author: Khadeeja Farrukh, 2nd year MBBS, Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore. Contact Author. Submission: Jun 23, 2020Acceptance: Aug 10, 2020Publication : Oct 5, 2020 © Author(s) (or their employer(s) 2020. Re-use permitted Read More …

Re: COVID 19 – once in a century pathogen

Aleeza Fatima Student, 2nd year MBBS, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore.   Electronic Opinion (E-OP) to COVID-19 Pandemic: How, When and Where? Pak J Surg Med. 2020;1(2):127-132. Available from: doi : 10.37978/pjsm.v1i2.173. Corresponding Author: Aleeza Fatima, 2nd year MBBS, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore. Contact Author.Submission: Jun 23, 2020Acceptance: Aug 10, 2020Publication : Oct 4, 2020 © Author(s) (or their Read More …

COVID-19 Pandemic: How, When and Where?

Who would have thought on the sunset of 2019 what 2020 was bringing on!
From the day COVID-19 originated it has sent shock waves across the globe irrespective of the religion, race, gender and power. From the outbreak in Wuhan, it has crossed all borders and has spread at varying speed across the globe. The preparations for it by all the countries have left a big question mark. Read More …

Post COVID-19 Industrial Revolution 5.0. The dawn of Cobot, Chipbot and Curbot

Muhammad Iftikhar Hanif 1, Linta Iftikhar 2 Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Bioscience & Nursing, MAHSA University, Petaling Jaya Malaysia. Student, SMK Section 9, Shah Alam Selangor, Malaysia. Corresponding Author: Muhammad Iftikhar Hanif, Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Bioscience & Nursing, MAHSA University, Petaling Jaya Malaysia. Contact Author.Submission: Apr 25, 2020Acceptance: May 10, 2020Publication: May 11, 2020 © Read More …