COVID-19: Pakistan’s Preparedness and response

Sahrish Khan1, Atiq ur Rahman2, Muhammad Imran2 Department of Biotechnology, Quaid e Azam University, Islamabad 46000, Pakistan District Head Quarter Hospital, Layyah 31200, Punjab, Pakistan Corresponding Author: Muhammad Imran, Emergency Department, DHQ Layyah 31200 Pakistan. Contact Author. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0681-5388 Submission: Feb 11, 2020 Acceptance: December 10, 2020 Publication: Mar 10, 2021 © Author(s) (or their employer(s) Read More …

Social Media; its role in the infodemic of COVID-19

Mohammad Ali Akbar1, Zubia Zaman1, Muhammad Ahsan Abbasi1, Imran Mansoor Raza1, Muneeza Ali1, Yusra Najam1 Medical Student, 3rd Year MBBS, Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences Karachi, Pakistan. Corresponding Author: Mohammad Ali Akbar, 3rd Year MBBS, Dow Medical College, Baba-e-Urdu road, Saddar, Karachi 74200, Pakistan. Contact Author.ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8481-6901Twitter: @itmeoliSubmission: May 04, 2020Acceptance: Feb 27, 2021Publication: Mar Read More …

The ‘Real’ Wolf of Wall Street- COVID-19’s Impact on Healthcare Systems & Global Economies

Mir Ibrahim Sajid1, Alizah Pervaiz Hashmi1, Dania Khan2, Mir Rafe Sajid2, Muhammad Rizwan Sohail3, Sameen Siddiqi4 Student, Aga Khan University, Karachi Student, Lahore School of Economics, Lahore Professor of Medicine and Cardiovascular Infectious Diseases, Mayo Clinics, Minnesota, USA Professor and Chair, Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi Corresponding Author: Mir Ibrahim Sajid, Medical Student, the Aga Read More …

Convalescent Plasma and COVID-19: Meta-analysis of a Century-Old Technique

Shehar Bano1, Saffa Tareen1, Hafiza Hussain1, Aleena Khan2, Maryam Salman1, Kitson Deane3 Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan Internal Medicine, Woodhull Medical and Mental Health Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA Corresponding Author: Saffa Tareen, Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan. Contact Author. Submission: Sep 20, 2020Acceptance: Jan 07, 2021Publication: Mar 10, Read More …

Cytokine Storm Syndrome, a potential cause of death in COVID-19 patients

The role of telehealth and its effect on reducing mental health burden from COVID-19 is of pressing concern. It is pertinent that the psychological impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic must be recognized within the group of health care workers. Telemental health services are area that require imminent intervention for the support of health care workers in Pakistan, as they are applicable and practically feasible. Read More …

Misleading Results of Typhi Dot Test in COVID-19 Pandemic

Muna Malik1, Muhammad Irfan Malik2 Assistant Professor of Pathology, PGMI/AMC/LGH Lahore. Associate Professor of Pulmonology, PGMI/AMC/LGH, Focal person of COVID-19 at LGH Lahore. Corresponding Author: Muna Malik, Department of Pathology, Post Graduate Medical Institute, Lahore General Hospital, Lahore 54000 Pakistan. Contact Author. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7610-0882 Publication: Oct 27, 2020. © Author(s) (or their employer(s) 2020. Re-use permitted under Read More …

Knowledge, attitude, and perception of University students toward COVID-19 Pandemic

Background: An increasing rate of COVID-19 cases throughout the world has increased the need to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and perception (KAP) of university students toward the COVID-19 pandemic to prevent its rapid spread as public cooperation and awareness regarding prevention is the only way to deal with this pandemic. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in Pakistan in April 2020. Data was collected by Google statistics and percent reliability was calculated through SPSS. Results: The number of respondents n=678, out of which 443(65.2%) were female and 235(34.85%) were male. The perception of students regarding this disease is shown in a table in which 33.2% of students consider it very dangerous. 54.2% thought it moderately dangerous. 62.38% of students consider muscle pain and 73.59% of students consider throat pain as a clinical presentation of COVID-19. 80.7% of students thought that exposure to a suspected case of COVID-19 serves as a means of acquiring COVID-19 infection. The most effective measure of prevention comes out to be hand washing and covering face during coughing and sneezing. The main cause of the spread is a lack of public awareness and cooperation. Social media campaigns are an effective means of educating students about quarantine and controlling its rapid spread. Conclusion: Researchers concluded that It’s the need of the hour to increase awareness related to protective hygienic measures, rapid spread, and providing reliable approaches through social media campaigns to manage this pandemic. We believe that students should be involved in educating their surrounding society. Read More …

COVID-19 and H1N1 – The two pandemics and their consequences on human life: A Mini-Review

Background: A global pandemic has always been the after-effect of lessened immunity in the human population. This is a brief narrative review comparing some points of both pandemics. Methods: A comparative study was conducted by data collection through published articles and official websites. Conclusion: The current pandemic has affected all aspects of life. Psychological issues are dominating in this COVID-19 pandemic especially in six different groups of people. Emergency responses process was slower in COVID-19 pandemic than that of H1N1. H1N1 pandemic of 2009 proved to have a lesser impact on education, traveling, even the mental state of people. COVID-19 and H1N1 infections have most of the similar things but distinctions are very subordinating. Read More …

Emerging Prophylactic Strategies to Combat COVID-19: A Systematic Review

Introduction: In December 2019, China faced the COVID-19 outbreak. COVID-19 is a disease caused by the pathogen, SARS-CoV-2 which is a single stranded RNA virus that spreads person to person via direct contact or respiratory droplets. Since this disease has been found to be highly contagious, prevention from virus exposure seems to be a reasonable approach especially due to lack of an effective vaccination up till now. Our study is aimed at proposing the prophylactic strategies that can be implemented in Pakistan to help flatten the disease curve in order to provide more time for healthcare professionals to fight the disease better and to hopefully come up with an effective vaccination for long term disease control. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature review based on PRISMA guidelines. Only those articles were included which met the inclusion criteria. Results: The results gathered by the literature search suggested that due to the lack of any licensed vaccine or effective treatment, adopting personal and environmental protective measures, isolation and quarantine, and other community mitigation measures like temporary lockdown can help flatten the peak of the ongoing pandemic. Conclusion: Since there has not been any breakthrough in finding an effective vaccine, our review aims to devise an effective preventive strategy to curb this pandemic according to the present socio-economic conditions of Pakistan. Read More …

Protecting the mental health of healthcare workers in Pakistan using telehealth during the COVID-19 pandemic

The role of telehealth and its effect on reducing mental health burden from COVID-19 is of pressing concern. It is pertinent that the psychological impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic must be recognized within the group of health care workers. Telemental health services are area that require imminent intervention for the support of health care workers in Pakistan, as they are applicable and practically feasible. Read More …